Type II diabetes is a chronic disease that causes insulin resistance. When the cells in your body are resistant to insulin, they’re unable to utilize glucose, causing your blood sugar levels to spike. At The Endocrine Center, with three offices in Houston, Texas, the team of board-certified endocrinology, diabetes, and thyroid specialists provides comprehensive care to individuals with Type II diabetes. Book online to schedule an appointment or call the Main Campus, Methodist West, or Greater Heights office today.
Type II diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs when your body fails to use insulin properly. If you have Type II diabetes, your body resists the effects of insulin, or it doesn’t produce enough. Insulin is a critical hormone that helps regulate blood sugar. If your blood sugar levels continue to rise, you’re more likely to experience heart disease or other serious health problems.
At The Endocrine Center, the team believes that Type II diabetes is both a cardiac disease and a metabolic disease. They primarily focus on cardiac health to prevent heart attacks and strokes in patients.
Prediabetes means your pancreas is resistant to insulin, but your blood sugar levels aren’t high enough to have Type II diabetes. If you have prediabetes, it’s possible to reverse the symptoms through healthy lifestyle changes and routine checkups.
Type II diabetes usually develops slowly over an extended period. Common symptoms include:
As Type II diabetes gets worse, you might also notice skin discoloration, especially under your armpits or neck.
Researchers aren’t entirely sure what causes Type II diabetes, but it’s thought that genetics and certain environmental factors play a role. You’re more likely to experience Type II diabetes if you’re overweight or live a primarily sedentary lifestyle. Other factors that increase your risk of Type II diabetes include having polycystic ovarian syndrome and being over the age of 45.
To diagnose Type II diabetes, the team at The Endocrine Center reviews your medical history, conducts a physical exam, and asks about your lifestyle and symptoms.
They then order lab work, including a glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test. An A1C test measures your average blood sugar level over the past few months. Any result of 6.5% on two separate tests means you have diabetes.
If you have an uncommon type of hemoglobin –– a protein found in red blood cells –– the team might recommend additional screens like a random blood sugar test, a fasting blood sugar test, or an oral glucose tolerance test.
Treatment of Type II diabetes depends on the severity of insulin resistance and the symptoms you’re experiencing. Typically, the team at The Endocrine Center recommends healthy lifestyle changes like exercising regularly, maintaining a healthy weight, and eating a balanced diet. You might also benefit from prescription medication or insulin therapy.
Ultimately, the goal of treatment is to help you maintain healthy blood sugar levels. If your blood sugar is within the optimal range, you’re much less likely to experience complications. To ensure your blood sugar stays within a healthy range, you use a glucose meter. A glucose meter is a digital device that uses a drop of blood to assess your blood sugar levels.
If you have Type II diabetes, you might also benefit from participating in a clinical trial. The team at The Endocrine Center regularly conducts medical research to advance treatment.
To learn more about treatment for Type II diabetes, request a consultation at The Endocrine Center. Book online to schedule an appointment or call the nearest office today.