The parathyroid:

The parathyroid gland is the chief regulator of calcium and phosphorous in the body. Maintaining calcium levels in a normal range is important for bone health, muscular health and appropriate neurological function. Typically 4 in number, these small glands sit directly on top of the thyroid gland in the neck and produce a hormone called the parathyroid hormone, or PTH for short. The parathyroid hormone works in several different ways to ensure the body’s calcium levels stay in normal range:

Signs and Symptoms of Primary hyperparathyroidism

Primary hyperparathyroidism, or “PHPT” for short, usually occurs if one of the 4 glands grow bigger than they should leading to overproduction of PTH causing too much calcium to build up in the blood. PHPT may lead to a wide range of symptoms, but in some, may actually have no symptoms at all. Some symptoms to look out for include:

Diagnosing Primary hyperparathyroidism

PHPT is diagnosed by a simple blood draw which would show high blood calcium levels and high levels of PTH. If these abnormalities are found on your blood work, the next step usually includes doing a 24-hour urine test to measure how much calcium is in the urine along with a bone density scan to see if you have weaker bones than normal.

Treating Primary hyperparathyroidism

The main treatment of PHPT is surgery to remove the parathyroid gland or glands that have become overactive. In most cases surgery cures the condition. People who usually require surgery are those with very high levels of calcium in the blood or urine, if PHPT is causing problems with your kidneys or bones (osteoporosis) or you are younger than 50 years old.

If you or your doctor feel that you may be experiencing symptoms of hyperparathyroidism, please call to schedule an appointment at 713-468-2122 or visit our website at

-Dr. Mohammed Qureshi

You Might Also Enjoy...

The Many Signs of Parathyroid Disease

An overall feeling of malaise is difficult to describe and challenging to diagnose, but it’s one of the key symptoms of parathyroid disease. Here are some other signs you might suffer from this serious condition.

Unusual Hair Growth and Menopause: What's the Link?

A little peach fuzz on a woman’s skin adds softness to her complexion, but when it comes in darker and thicker and looks like it needs a shave, it may be hirsutism — and menopause may be the culprit. Here’s what you need to know.

4 Types of Adrenal Disease

Just above your kidneys, you have a couple of tiny adrenal glands that have a big job. The hormones they produce control several vital bodily functions, so when something goes awry, it can be serious. Here are the four major adrenal diseases.

What Causes Hypocalcemia?

You’ve heard all your life that it’s important to drink milk so you get your calcium, and you drank your fair share. But was it enough? Do you have hypocalcemia — low levels of calcium? Here, we explore the various culprits that rob you of calcium.

5 Tips for Combating High Cholesterol

You’ve heard it said that too much of a good thing can be bad, and it’s certainly true of cholesterol. Although your body needs some cholesterol to function properly, an excess can cause health problems. Here’s how to keep your cholesterol in check.